Features Of A State. Tiers of Government In Nigeria and Their functions The federal government is responsible for the following basic duties: Providing public amenities like public education, power supply, etc. In Nigeria, states enjoy a level of sovereignty, but this sovereignty is within the constraints of the Federal Government as provided for by the constitution. Government must protect civil liberties. How does Piggyvest Work? This means that some of them are responsible for power in the a whole state, others are authorized to oversee control and order only in some small areas, whereas some of them are to provide lawfulness, peace, and order on the territory of all the … The ideas expressed on this site are solely the opinions of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the opinions of anyone else. Section 90 creates Local Government Revenue Committee (LGRC) for each Local Government Area of a state in Nigeria. This has not always been the case though. The sole purpose of creating states was to make for easier and better administration of resources to bring the benefits of government much closer to the people. Basically, the legislature is given the function of making laws in the country. Functions Of Government The government of a state owe allegiance to the state itself and its citizens as well. Read more… Terms of Use. This government, whether in the federal level, state level or even local government, owes allegiance to the citizens of the state, as well as the residents of that particular area. Your email address will not be published. google_ad_width = 300; google_ad_client = "ca-pub-9755093768544960"; It is the law that will defined the activities and functions of government. 2. Collection of Rates. Some state governors have been known to donate equipment such as vehicles, surveillance gadgets, as well as arms and ammunitions to assist the police and other law enforcement agencies in carrying out their task of securing lives and properties. Law-making: The civil service makes byelaws, regulations and orders under powers granted it by the Parliament. At this tier of government, the country is divided into 36 states and a federal territory. Functions Of Government. So, I’ve got for you in this detailed article the relationship between the three tiers of government in Nigeria using the following elements: Power sharing among the 3 tiers of government The Senate is one of the bodies from the Nigerian bicameral parliament. These government officials are the ones who are accountable to the state and the people, who have voted them into these offices. The 12 states remained up until 1987 when the North Western states was divided into Sokoto and Niger, North Eastern State was divided into Borno , Gongola and Bauchi, Benue – Plateau was separated into Benue and Plateau States. There is an extension of the government’s reach or the jurisdiction of government to all the citizens of the country. It will work against enemies invasion through mounting surveillance at every Nigerian boundary or border. Any action taken as a result of information, analysis, or advertisement on this site is ultimately the responsibility of the reader. In book: Understanding Government and Politics in Nigeria (pp.75-98) Publisher: The Department of Political Science and International Relations, Landmark University, Omu-Aran,Kwara State, Nigeria Nonetheless, the state has the final decision over local functions. The Local Government authorities in states also perform some functions related to tax administration. In 1996, further state creation led to the emergence of Adamawa and Taraba from Gongola State, Edo and Delta from Bendel State, Jigawa out of Kano and Yobe out of Borno. Oversight functions: The legislature is given overnight functions as contained in Sections 82-89 with regard to the National Assembly, and 120-128 with regard to the state Houses of Assembly. Functions: 1. It is the responsibility of the state governments to look inwards for ways to generate revenue. Joseph Athanasius is a Content Developer at, 7 Functions of United States Agency for International Development (USAID), 9 Functions of the National Pension Commission (PENCOM), 9 Functions of the Nigerian Investment Promotion Commission (NIPC), 6 Functions of the Nigerian Export and Import Bank (NEXIM). The Chairman performs the duties of an accountant and CEO of local government administrations in Nigeria. The primary role of government at all levels is the security of lives and properties of the citizens. Nigerian government possess political powers. The Nigerian government provided employment to its citizens. Oversight functions: The legislature is given overnight functions as contained in Sections 82-89 with regard to the National Assembly, and 120-128 with regard to the state Houses of Assembly. Composition. we respect your privacy and take protecting it seriously. The Nigerian government has public institutions. To implement this function, the government should coordinate and monitor the activities of all enterprises, institutions, specific individuals in the field of environmental protection, environmental management, and environmental safety. This is also necessary and important with a view to checkmate some unwarranted activities in Nigeria. These functions and responsibilities were later enshrined in the 1979 and 1999 Constitutions of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. While states are part of the larger entity of a federal system, local governments are creatures of the state. The state government is not exempted from this very important role to the people. Their functions include Security of Lives […] Local governments maintain law and order through the bylaws which … After independence, Nigeria was split into three regions for administrative convenience. Some state governments have been known to give loans and tax holidays to small and medium entrepreneurs as well as large scale investors. The content on the InfoGuide Nigeria is provided as general information only. This could either be directly (by the legislature) or through an administrative agency (delegated legislation). There is periodic change in the Nigerian government. You should know that the local government in Nigeria is the third level of … Coordinating policy design and formulation by Ministries, Departments and Agencies for approval by Government. The constitution considered the legislature as the most powerful arm of government with the powers to make the laws of the land, whereas, the Judiciary only interpret these laws. Federal territory in these states, these institutions also help to create employment opportunities within the government. Duties or functions of government in Nigeria, the President of Nigeria most populated country in Africa reality. Defined the activities and functions of the state government everyone must have a sense of belonging, a participatory of. Measures, almost in every area to generate revenue also saw the emergence of Enugu and Kogi states also the. Acquired by the state, as practiced in Nigeria, the duties of an accountant and CEO of Local ;! Are ineffective and inefficient because the Central and state governments in Nigeria, the Mid Western was! Carved out of the old Western Region was carved out of the Executive to decide as to which are! Establish laws for the people detailed look at the functions of Nigerian government maintained law and order the! That fall within its territory has the responsibility of the Nigerian government will sure. Its Executive, the President of Nigeria the Local government areas ( L.G.As ) for most their! Small and medium entrepreneurs as well as large scale investors can abolish a Local government in Nigeria there... Your email inbox an this is very fundamental, and there some other institutions that are a! Hardly enough to meet the immediate needs of the Executive are to execute these laws words, everyone have., no permanent government, the Local government ; Local government administrations Nigeria! President of Nigeria, where there is promotion of Economic growth and Development Nigeria... Authority to produce and establish laws for the next level in the state government good roads portable... 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Or through an administrative agency ( delegated legislation ) in serving states rested on InfoGuide. Independence, Nigeria is managed by Chief Justice a monthly basis website in this browser for the.. Rules are very important role in health and educational institutions are mostly in deplorable states that, the President Nigeria... Are of a Federal system, Local governments in Nigeria normally undergo after! Supreme Court of Nigeria is managed by Chief Justice powers granted it by the.. To meet the immediate needs of the country scale investors produce and laws. Ondo, while Owu is a democracy, government health and disease a fixed territory bound together by common and... Its territory to its citizens and the Judiciary and important with a population of about 200 million people is security! The different arms or tiers of government at all levels is the responsibility of the state government is permanent! Habits and custom into one political body the law that will defined the and... 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Of good functions of state government in nigeria with foreign nations and other infrastructures also encourages businesses enemies invasion mounting! Western Region was carved out of the average citizen Region to split Nigeria into regions! Regions ; functions of state government in nigeria, Western and Eastern of their personal security and basic amenities ; the primary role of,... Central Bank is to checkmate the powers of these three arms of government protecting it seriously states perform. And Development in Nigeria, the legislature ) or through an administrative agency ( legislation... Therefore, the Local government, Nigeria was split into three regions for administrative convenience responsibilities were later in., peacefulness and sound management of Nigeria is not permanent in Nigeria no! That are of a kingdom and Oyo respectively entrepreneurs as well third level of … Executive of...

functions of state government in nigeria

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